During the mid-forties bacteria and phages were dis covered to be suitable objects for the study of genet ics. Genetic phenomena such as mutation and recombina tion, which had already been known in eukaryotes for a long time, were now shown to exist in bacteria and phages as well. New phenomena as lysogeny and trans duction were discovered, which gained great importance beyond the field of microbial genetics. Bacteria and phages are of small size, multiply rapid ly, and have chemically defined growth requirements. Many selective procedures can be applied to screen for rarely occurring mut.
Author: U. Winkler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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