Multiple Origins of Sex Differences in Brain

Multiple Origins of Sex Differences in Brain

Author: Donald W Pfaff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642337215

Category: Medical

Page: 181

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In theoretical terms, sex differences in brains and behaviors of laboratory animals offer the possibility of fascinating scientific studies on a range of molecular phenomena such as genomic imprinting, DNA methylation, chromatin protein modification, non-coding DNA, potentially resulting in important neuroanatomical and neurochemical sex differences in the brain. Such sex differences could arise consequent to exposures to testosterone early in development, or to other effects deriving from the Y chromosome. However, this general subject has been treated with much hyperbole. Historically, sex differences were assumed to be present where they did not really exist, e.g. with respect to mathematics, executive leadership, etc. etc. Under what circumstances do we really care about sex differences in brain and behavior? These circumstances concern human maladies whose diagnoses are much different between boys and girls, or between women and men. Prominent examples discussed in this volume include autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In fact, infant boys are more susceptible than infant girls to a variety of disorders that arise early in development. This volume then ends with a consideration of effects of estrogenic hormones on the injured brain, and their roles as protective agents.
Multiple Origins of Sex Differences in Brain
Language: en
Pages: 181
Authors: Donald W Pfaff, Yves Christen
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-01-26 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

In theoretical terms, sex differences in brains and behaviors of laboratory animals offer the possibility of fascinating scientific studies on a range of molecular phenomena such as genomic imprinting, DNA methylation, chromatin protein modification, non-coding DNA, potentially resulting in important neuroanatomical and neurochemical sex differences in the brain. Such sex
Sex and the Developing Brain
Language: en
Pages: 141
Authors: Margaret M. McCarthy
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-08-31 - Publisher: Biota Publishing

The brains of males and females, men and women, are different, that is a fact. What is debated is how different and how important are those differences. Sex differences in the brain are determined by genetics, hormones, and experience, which in humans includes culture, society, and parental and peer expectations.
Beyond Sex Differences
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Eric B. Keverne
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-09-07 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book examines the evolutionary lead taken by the matriline in providing the intergenerational co-adaptations required for successful pregnancy.
The ADHD Explosion
Language: en
Pages: 264
Authors: Stephen P. Hinshaw, Richard M. Scheffler
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-02-03 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most controversial and misunderstood medical conditions today. With skyrocketing rates of diagnosis and medication treatment, it has generated a firestorm of controversy. Alarming questions have been raised about ADHD in recent years, including: *Why are one in nine children and adolescents in the
Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Language: en
Pages: 304
Authors: Fred Volkmar
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-02-28 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Fully updated with significant advances in autism research, this new edition offers an essential and practical overview of the field.